Center for Conceptual Foundations of Science  Publications


Czárán, T., Könnyü, B., Szathmáry E. (2015) Metabolically Coupled replicator Systems: Overview of an RNA-world model concept of prebiotic evolution on mineral surfaces. J. theor. Biol. doi: 10.1016/j.jtbi.2015.06.002.

Szathmáry, E. (2015) Founder of systems chemistry and foundational theoretical biologist: Tibor Gánti (1933-2009). J. theor. Biol. doi: 10.1016/j.jtbi.2015.04.037.

Szathmáry, E. (2015) Toward major evolutionary transitions theory 2.0. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA. pii: 201421398. [Epub ahead of print]

Corning PA, Szathmáry E. (2015) "Synergistic selection": A Darwinian frame for the evolution of complexity. J Theor Biol. 371, 45-58.

Santos M, Szathmáry E, Fontanari JF. (2015) Phenotypic plasticity, the Baldwin effect, and the speeding up of evolution: The computational roots of an illusion. J Theor Biol. 371, 127-136.

Kun Á, Szilágyi A, Könnyü B, Boza G, Zachar I, Szathmáry E. (2015) The dynamics of the RNA world: insights and challenges. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 1341, 75-95.

Szilágyi, A., Kun, Á. & Szathmáry, E. (2014) Local neutral networks help maintain inaccurately replicating ribozymes. PloS One 9(10): e109987.

Boza, G., Szilágyi, A., Kun, Á., Santos, M. & Szathmáry, E. (2014) Evolution of the division of labor between genes and enzymes in the RNA world. PloS Comput. Biol. 10(12): e1003936.

Lewis, M., Fedor, A., Öllinger, M., Szathmáry, E. & Fernando, C. (2014) Modelling reaction times in non-linear classification tasks. Lect. Notes Comput. Sci. 8575, 53-64.

Szilágyi, A., Zachar, I. & Szathmáry, E. (2013) Gause’s principle and the effect of resource partitioning on the dynamical coexistence of replicating templates. PloS Comput. Biol. 9(8): e1003193.

Szathmáry, E. (2013) On the propagation of a conceptual error concerning hypercycles and cooperation. J. Syst. Chem. 4, 1.

Szathmáry, E. (2012) Transitions and Social Evolution. A review of Principles of Social Evolution, by Andrew F.G. Bourke. Philos. Theor. Biol. 4, e302.

von Kiedrowski, G. & Szathmáry, E. (2012) The monetary growth order. arXiv preprint arXiv:1204.6590.

Fedor, A., Varga M. & Szathmáry, E. (2012) Semantics boosts syntax in artificial grammar learning tasks with recursion. J. Exp. Psychol. Learn. Mem. Cogn. 38, 776-782.

Szilágyi, A., Kun Á. & Szathmáry, E. (2012) Early evolution of efficient enzymes and genome organization. Biol. Direct 7, 38.

Fernando, C., Szathmáry, E. & Husbands, P. (2012) Selectionist and evolutionary approaches to brain function: a critical appraisal. Front. Comput. Neurosci. 6, 24.

Vasas, V., Fernando, C., Santos, M., Kauffman, S. Szathmáry, E. (2012) Evolution before genes. Biol. Direct 7, 1.

Szathmáry, E. & Fernando, C. (2011) Concluding remarks. In: B. Calcott & K. Sterelny (eds) The Major Transitions in Evolution Revisited. pp. 301- 310. MIT Press, Cambridge, Ma.

Szathmáry, E. (2011) Evolution. To group or not to group. Science 334, 1648-1649.

Bickerton, D. , Szathmáry, E. (2011) Confrontational scavenging as a possible source for language and cooperation. BMC Evol. Biol. 11, 261.

Fernando, C., Vasas, V. Szathmáry E. Husbands, P. (2011). Evolvable neuronal paths: a novel basis for information and search in the brain. PlosOne 6(8), e23534.

Zachar, I., Fedor, A., Szathmáry, E. (2011). Two different template replicators coexisting in the same protocell: stochastic simulation of an extended chemoton model. PLoS One 6(7), e21380.

Csabai I., Szathmáry E. (2011) Comment on “A bacterium that can grow by using arsenic instead of phosphorous”. Science 332, 1149.

Rodin, A.S., Szathmáry E, Rodin, S.N. (2011) On the origin of the genetic code and tRNA before translation. Biol. Direct. 6,14.

Fedor A., Ittzés, P. & Szathmáry E. (2011) Parsing recursive sentences with a connectionist model including a neural stack and synaptic gating. J. theor. Biol. 271, 100-105.

Kereszturi A., Möhlmann, D., Bérczi, S., Gánti, T., Horváth, A. Kuti A, Sik A, Szathmáry E. (2010). Indications of brine related local seepage phenomena on the northern hemisphere of Mars. Icarus 207, 149-164.

Fernando, C., Goldstein, R., Szathmáry, E. (2010) The neuronal replicator hypothesis. Neural Comput. 22, 2809-2857.

Zintzaras E, Santos M, Szathmáry E. (2010) Selfishness versus functional cooperation in a stochastic protocell model. J. theor. Biol. 267, 605-613.

Szathmáry, E. (2010) Evolution of language as one of the major evolutionary transitions. Nolfi & M. Mirolli (eds) Evolution of Communication and Language in Embodied Agents. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, pp. 37-53.

Fernando, C. & Szathmáry E. (2010) Chemical, neuronal and linguistic replicators. In: M. Pigliucci and G.B. Müller (eds): Evolution–the Extended Synthesis. MIT Press, Cambridge, Ma., pp. 209-249.

Fernando, C. & Szathmáry E. (2010) Natural selection in the brain. In: B. Glatzeder, V. Goel and A. von Müller (eds) Towards a Theory of Thinking. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, pp. 291-322.

Zachar, I & Szathmáry E. (2010) A New Replicator: A theoretical framework for analysing replication. BMC Biol. 8, 21.

Vasas, V., Szathmáry, E. & Santos, M. (2010) Lack of evolvability in self-sustaining autocatalytic networks constraints metabolism-first scenarios for the origin of life. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA. 107, 1470-1475.

Számadó, S., Hurford, J.R., Bishop, D.V.M., Deacon, T.W., d’Errico, F., Fisher, J., Okanoya, K., Szathmáry E., White, S.A. (2009) What are the possible biological and genetic foundations of syntactic phenomena? In: Bickerton, D. & Szathmáry E. (eds) (2009) Biological Foundations and Origin of Syntax. MIT Press, Cambridge, Ma. pp. 207-236.

Fedor, A., Ittzés, P. & Szathmáry E. (2009) The biological background of syntax evolution. In: Bickerton, D. & Szathmáry E. (eds) (2009) Biological Foundations and Origin of Syntax. MIT Press, Cambridge, Ma. pp. 15-39.

Bickerton, D. & Szathmáry E. (eds) (2009) Biological Foundations and Origin of Syntax. MIT Press, Cambridge, Ma. p. 471.

Branciamore, S., Gallori, E., Szathmáry E, Czárán, T. (2009) The origin of life: Chemical evolution of a metabolic system in a mineral honeycomb? J. Mol. Evol. 69, 458-469.

Rodin AS, Szathmáry E, Rodin SN. (2009) One ancestor for two codes viewed from the perspective of two complementary modes of tRNA aminoacylation. Biol Direct. 2009 4, 4.

Horváth A, Kereszturi A, Bérczi S, Sik A, Pócs T, Gánti T, Szathmáry E. (2009) Analysis of Dark Albedo Features on a Southern Polar Dune Field of Mars. Astrobiology 9, 90-103.

Griesemer, J. & Szathmáry, E. (2009) Gánti’s chemoton model and life criteria. In: S. Rasmussen, M.A. Bedau, L. Chen, D. Deamer, D.C. Krakauer, N.H. Packard & P.F. Stadler (eds): Protocells. Bridging Nonliving and Living Matter. MIT Press, Cambridge, Ma. pp. 481-512.

Számadó, S. & Szathmáry, E. (2008) Being human: Language: a social history of words. Nature 456, 40-41.

Fernando, C. Karishma, K.K. & Szathmáry, E. (2008) Copying of Neuronal Topology by Spike-Time Dependent Plasticity and Error-Correction. PlosONE 3(11), e3775.

Santos, M. & Szathmáry, E. (2008) Genetic hitchhiking can promote the initial spread of strong altruism. BMC Evol. Biol. 8, 281.

Könny?, B., Czárán, T. & Szathmáry, E. (2008) Prebiotic replicase evolution in a surface-bound metabolic system: parasites as a source of adaptive evolution. BMC Evol. Biol. 8, 267.

Kun, Á., Papp, B. & Szathmáry, E. (2008) Computational identification of obligatorily autocatalytic replicators embedded in metabolic networks. Genome Biol. 9, R51.

Szathmáry, E. (2008) Towards an understanding of language origins. In. M. Barbieri (ed.) Codes of Life, Springer-Verlag, pp. 283-313.

Kun, Á., Pongor, S., Jordán, F. & Szathmáry, E. (2008) Catalytic Propensity of Amino Acids and the Origins of the Genetic Code and Proteins. In. M. Barbieri (ed.) Codes of Life, Springer-Verlag, pp. 39-58.

Szathmáry, E. (2008) The genetic code and natural language: their nature, origins and relation. In: P. Walde, F. Kraus (eds): An den Grenzen des Wissens. Vdf Hochschulverlag AG an der ETH Zürich. Pp. 185-207.

Jakó, É, Ittzés, P, Szenes, Á, Kun, Á, Szathmáry, E. & Pál, G. (2007) In silico detection of tRNA sequence features characteristic to aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase class membership. Nucleic Acids Res. 35, 5593-5609.

Fernando, C., Von Kiedrowski, G. & Szathmáry, E. (2007) A Stochastic Model of Nonenzymatic Nucleic Acid Replication: "Elongators" Sequester Replicators. J Mol Evol. 64, 572-585.

Szathmáry, E (2007) Coevolution of metabolic networks and membranes: the scenario of progressive sequestration. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B. Biol. Sci. 362, 1781-1787.

Szathmáry, E., Gánti, T., Pócs, T., Horváth, A., Kereszturi, Á., Bérczi, S. & Sik, A. (2007) Life in the dark dunes of Mars: a testable hypothesis. In: R. Pudritz, P. Higgs and J. Stone (eds) Planetary Systems and the Origins of Life. Cambridge Univ. Press, pp. 241-262.

Szathmáry, E., Szatmáry, Z., Ittzés, P., Gerg?, O., Zachár, I., Huszár, F., Fedor, A., Varga, M. & Számadó, S. (2007) In silico evolutionary developmental neurobiology and the origin of natural language. In: (Lyon, C., Nehaniv, C. L. & Cangelosi, A., eds) Emergence of Communication and Language. Springer, London. pp. 151-187.

Szathmáry, E (2006) Evolution. Darwin for all seasons. Science 313, 306-307.

Számadó, S. & Szathmáry, E. (2006) Competing selective scenarios for the emergence of natural language. Trends Ecol. Evol. 21, 555-561.

Frégnac, Y., Blatow, M., Changeux, J.-P., DeFelipe, J., Lansner, A., Maas, W., McCormick, D.A., Michel, C.M., Monyer, H., Szathmáry, E. & Yuste, R. (2006) Group report: Neocortical microcircuits—Ups and DOWNs in cortical computation. In: S. Grillner and A.M. Graybiel (eds): Microcircuits. The Interface between Neurons and Global Brain Function. MIT Press, Cambridge, Ma. pp. 393-433.

Szathmáry, E (2006) The origin of replicators and reproducers. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B. Biol. Sci. 361, 1761-1776.

Vergne, J., Cognet, J. A., Szathmáry, E & Maurel, M. C. (2006) In vitro selection of halo-thermophilic RNA reveals two families of resistant RNA. Gene 371, 182-193.

Fontanari, J.F., Santos, M. & Szathmáry, E (2006) Coexistence and error propagation in pre-biotic vesicle models: A group selection approach. J. theor. Biol. 239, 247-256.

Szathmáry, E & Santos, M. (2006) He would have deserved to live forever: John Maynard Smith (1920-2004). J. theor. Biol. 239, 129.

Kun, Á., Maurel, M.-C. & Santos, M. & Szathmáry, E (2005) Fitness Landscapes, Error Thresholds, and Cofactors in Aptamer Evolution. In: S. Klussmann (ed.) The Aptamer Handbook. Wiley-Vch, Weinheim, pp. 54-92.

Kun, Á., Santos, M. & Szathmáry, E (2005) Real ribozymes suggest a relaxed error threshold. Nat. Genet. 37, 1008-1011.

Szathmáry, E (2005) Life: in search of the simplest cell. Nature 433, 469-470.

Szathmáry, E (2005) Path dependence and historical contingency in biology. In: A. Wimmer and R. Kössler (eds), Understanding Change. Palgrave Macmillan, Basingstoke, in press.

Szathmáry, E., Santos, M. & Fernando, C. (2005) Evolutionary potential and requirements for minimal protocells. Top. Curr. Chem. 259, 167-211.

Szathmáry, E (2004) Knowledge and belief in evolutionary biology. In: W. Löffl er, P. Weingartner (eds), Knowledge and Belief. Wissen und Glauben. Öbv& Hpt, Wien. Pp. 364-374.

Lenton, T.M., Schellnhuber, H. J. & Szathmáry, E. (2004) Climbing the co-evolution ladder. Nature 431, 913.

Szathmáry, E (2004) From biological analysis to synthetic biology. Curr. Biol. 14, R145-146.

Szathmáry, E & Hammerstein, P. (2004) Obituary: John Maynard Smith (1920-2004). Nature 429, 258-259.

Santos, M,. Zintzaras, E. & Szathmáry, E. (2004) Recombination in primeval genomes: a step forward but still a long leap from maintaining a sizeable genome. J. Mol. Evol. 59, 507-519.

Szathmáry, E. (2003) The biological significance of Gánti’s work in 1971 and today. In: T. Gánti: The Principles of Life. Oxford Univ. Press, pp. 157-168.

Szathmáry, E. (2003) Why are there four letters in the genetic alphabet? Nat. Rev. Genet. 4, 995-1001.

Szathmáry, E. & Wolpert, L. (2003) The evolution of multicellularity. In: Hammerstein, P. (ed.) Genetic and Social Mechanisms of Cooperation. pp. 271-290. MIT Press, Cambridge, MA.

Santos, M,. Zintzaras, E. & Szathmáry, E. (2003) Origin of sex revisited. Orig. Life Evol. Biosph. 33, 405-432.

Gánti, T., Horváth, A., Gesztesi, A., Bérczi, Sz. & Szathmáry, E. (2003) Dark dune spots: possible biomarkers on Mars? Orig. Life Evol. Biosph. 33, 515-577.

Szathmáry, E. (2003) Concepts and dynamics: a theoretical issue of OLEB. Orig Life Evol. Biosph. 33, 313-317.

Szathmáry, E. (2002) Cultural processes: the latest major transition in evolution. In: L. Nadel (ed.) Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science Nature Publishing Group, Macmillan, London. DOI: 10.1002/0470018860.s00716.

Wolpert, L. & Szathmáry, E. (2002) Multicellularity: evolution and the egg. Nature 420, 745.

Szabó, P., Scheuring, I., Czárán, T. & Szathmáry, E. (2002) In silico simulations reveal that replicators with limited dispersal evolve towards higher efficiency and fidelity. Nature 420, 360-363.

Szathmáry, E. (2002) Units of evolution and units of life. In: Pályi, G., Zucchi, L. & Caglioti, L. (eds) Fundamentals of Life. pp. 181-195. Elsevier, Paris.

Zintzaras, E., Mauro, S. & Szathmáry, E. (2002) „Living” under the challenge of information decay: the stochastic corrector model versus hypercycles. J. theor. Biol. 217, 167-181.

Meszéna, G. & Szathmáry, E. (2001) The adaptive dynamics of parabolic replicators. Selection 2, 147-159.

Szathmáry, E. (2001) Theories of origin of life. In: S. Brenner and J. H. Miller (eds): Encyclopedia of Genetics. Academic Press, London. Pp. 1387-1394.

Scheuring, I. & Szathmáry, E. (2001) Survival of replicators with parabolic growth tendency and exponential decay. J. theor. Biol. 212, 99-105.

Podani, J., Oltvai. N. Z., Jeong, H., Tombor, B. Barabási, A.-L. & Szathmáry, E. (2001) Comparable system-level organization of Archaea and Eukaryotes. Nature Genet. 29, 54-56.

Szathmáry, E. (2001) Origin of the human language faculty: the language amoeba hypothesis. In (J. Trabant & S. Ward, Eds.): New Essays on the Origin of Language. Berlin/New York: Mouton/de Gruyter, pp. 41-51.

Szathmáry, E., Jordán, F. & Pál, C. (2001) Molecular biology and evolution. Can genes explain biological complexity? Science 292, 1315-1316.

Szathmáry, E. (2001) Evolution. Developmental circuits rewired. Nature 411, 143-145.

Szathmáry, E. (2001) Biological information, kin selection, and evolutionary transitions. Theor. Pop. Biol. 59, 11-14.

Szathmáry, E. (2000) In Humboldt’s footspets. Trends Ecol. Evol. 15, 178-179.

Von Kiedrowski, G. & Szathmáry, E. (2000) Selection versus coexistence of parabolic replicators spreading on surfaces. Selection 1, 173-179.

Szathmáry, E. (2000) The evolution of replicators. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B. 355, 1669-1676.

Czárán, T. and Szathmáry, E. (2000) Coexistence of replicators in prebiotic evolution. In: Dieckmann, U., Law, R. & Metz, J.A.J. (eds.) The Geometry of Ecological Interactions: Simplifying Spatial Complexity, pp. 116-134, IIASA and Cambridge University Press.

Szathmáry, E. (2000) Reply: Certain uncertainties about the origin of the genetic code. Trends Genet. 16, 18-19.

Szathmáry, E. & Maynard Smith, J. (2000) The major evolutionary transitions. In: H. Gee (ed.) Shaking the Tree. Readings from Nature in the History of Life. Univ. of Chicago Press, pp. 32-47.

Maynard Smith, J. & Szathmáry, E. (1999) The Origins of Life. Oxford Univ. Press.

Kövér, Sz. és Szathmáry, E. (1999) Hybrid theories of sex. J. Evol. Biol. 12:1032-1033.

Szathmáry, E. (1999) The origin of the genetic code: amino acids as cofactors in an RNA world. Trends Genet. 15, 223-229.

Szathmáry, E. (1999) Chemes, Genes, Memes: A revised classification of replicators. Lectures on Mathematics in the Life Sciences. 26, 1-10.

Sigmund, K. & Szathmáry, E. (1998) On merging lines and emerging units. Nature 392, 439-441.

Szathmáry, E. (1997) Origins of life – The first two billion years. Nature 387, 662-663.

Varga, Z. & Szathmáry, E. (1997) An extremum principle for parabolic competition. Bull. Math. Biol. 59, 1145-1154.

Szathmáry, E. & Maynard Smith, J. (1997) From replicators to reproducers: The first major transitions leading to life. J. theor. Biol. 187, 555-571.

Fagerström, T., Jagers, P., Schuster, P. & Szathmáry, E. (1996) Biologists put on mathematical glasses. Science 274, 2039-2040.

Maynard Smith, J. & Szathmáry, E. (1996) On the likelihood of habitable worlds. Nature 384, 107.

Szathmáry, E. (1996) Coding coenzyme handles and the origin of the genetic code. In: (A. Müller, A. Dress & F. Vögtle, eds) From Simplicity to Complexity in Chemistry -- and Beyond. Part I. Vieweg, Braunschweig, pp. 33-41.

Szathmáry, E. (1996) From RNA to language. Curr. Biol. 6, 764.

Maynard Smith, J. & Szathmáry, E. (1995) Language and Life. In: (M. P. Murphy & L. A. J. O'Neill, eds) What is Life? The Next Fifty Years. Speculations on the Future of Biology. pp. 67-77. Cambridge Univ. Press.

Grey, D., Hutson, V. & Szathmáry, E. (1995) A re-examination of the stochastic corrector model. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B 262, 29-35.

Szathmáry, E. (1995) A classification of replicators and lambda-calculus models of biological organization. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B 260, 279-286.

Szathmáry, E. & Maynard Smith, J. (1995) The major evolutionary transitions. Nature 374, 227-232.

Jablonka, E. & Szathmáry, E. (1995) The evolution of information storage and heredity. Trends Ecol. Evol. 10, 206-211.

Maynard Smith, J. & Szathmáry, E. (1995) The Major Transitions in Evolution. Freeman & Co., Oxford.

Szathmáry, E. (1994) Self-replication and reproduction: From molecules to protocells. In: (Fleischaker, G. R., Colonna, S. & Luisi, P. L. eds) Self-Production of Supramolecular Structures. From Synthetic Structures to Models of Minimal Living Systems. NATO ASI Series. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, pp. 65-73.

Szathmáry, E. (1994) Toy models of simple forms of multicellularity, soma and germ. J. theor. Biol. 169, 125-132.

Szathmáry, E. (1993) Coding coenzyme handles: A hypothesis for the origin of the genetic code. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 90, 9916-9920.

Szathmáry, E. & Maynard Smith, J. (1993) The origin of chromosomes II. Molecular mechanisms. J. theor Biol. 164, 447-454.

Szathmáry, E. & Maynard Smith, J. (1993) The origin of chromosomes II. Molecular mechanisms. J. theor Biol. 164, 447-454.

Szathmáry, E. (1993) A note on the reduction of the dynamics of multilocus diploid genetic systems with mutliplicative fitness. J. theor. Biol. 164, 351-358.

Szathmáry, E. (1993) Do deleterious mutations act synergistically? Metabolic control theory provides a partial answer. Genetics 133, 127-132.

Szathmáry, E. (1993) Molecular variation and evolution of viruses. Trends Ecol. Evol. 8, 8-9.

Szathmáry, E. (1993) Co-operation and defection: playing the field in virus dynamics. J. theor. Biol. 165, 341-356.

Szathmáry, E. (1992) Viral sex, levels of selection, and the origin of life. J. theor. Biol. 159, 99-109.

Szathmáry, E. & Zintzaras, E. (1992) A statistical test of hypotheses on the organization and origin of the genetic code. J. Mol. Evol. 35, 185-189.

Szathmáry, E. (1992) What determines the size of the genetic alphabet? Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 89, 2614-2618.

Szathmáry, E. (1992) Natural selection and the dynamical coexistence of defective and complementing virus segments. J. theor. Biol. 157, 383-406.

Szathmáry, E. (1991) Common interest and novel evolutionary units. Trends Ecol. Evol. 6, 407-408.

Szathmáry, E. (1991) Simple growth laws and selection consequences. Trends Ecol. Evol. 6, 366-370.

Szathmáry, E. & Kövér, Sz. (1991) A theoretical test of the DNA repair hypothesis for the maintenance of sex in eukaryotes. Genet. Res. 58, 157-165.

Szathmáry, E. (1991) Four letters in the genetic alphabet: a frozen evolutionary optimum? Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B 245, 91-99.

Szathmáry, E. (1991) Variational principles, behavioural adaptations, and selection hierarchies. Behavior. Brain Sci. 14, 107-108.

Szathmáry, E. (1991) Codon swapping as a possible evolutionary mechanism. J. Mol. Evol. 32, 178-182.

Szathmáry, E., Scheuring, I., Heged?s, Cs., Németh, G. Molnár, I. & Vida, G. (1990) The engagement of the Red Queen and King Midas in the Phylogenerator Model. Coenoses 5, 130-141.

Szathmáry, E. (1990) Towards the evolution of ribozymes. Nature 344, 115.

Vida, G., Szathmáry, E., Németh, G., Heged?s, Cs., Molnár, I. & Juhász-Nagy, P. (1990) Towards modelling community evolution: the Phylogenerator. In: (Maynard Smith, J. & Vida, G., eds): Organizational Constraints on the Dynamics of Evolution. Manchester Univ. Press. pp. 409-422.

Szathmáry, E., Scheuring I., Kotsis, M. & Gladkih, I. (1990) Sexuality of eukaryotic unicells: hyperbolic growth, coexistence of facultative parthenogens, and the repair hypothesis. In: (Maynard Smith, J. & Vida, G. eds): Organizational Constraints on the Dynamics of Evolution. Manchester Univ. Press. pp. 279-286.

Szathmáry, E. (1990) RNA worlds in test tubes and protocells. In: (Maynard Smith, J. & Vida, G. eds): Organizational Constraints on the Dynamics of Evolution. Manchester Univ. Press. pp. 3-14.

Szathmáry, E. (1989) The emergence, maintenance, and transitions of the earliest evolutionary units. Oxf. Surv. Evol. Biol. 6, 169-205.

Szathmáry, E. (1989) The integration of the earliest genetic information. Trends Ecol. Evol. 4, 200-204.

Szathmáry, E. (1989) The cost of splicing and the late origin of introns. Trends Ecol. Evol. 4, 109-110.

Szathmáry, E. & Gladkih, I. (1989) Sub-exponential growth and coexistence of non-enzymatically replicating templates. J. theor. Biol. 138, 55-58.

Szathmáry, E. (1988) A hypercyclic illusion. J. theor. Biol. 134, 561-563.

Szathmáry, E., Kotsis, M. & Scheuring I. (1988) Limits of hyperbolic growth and selection in molecular and biological populations. In: (T.G. Hallam, L. Gross & S. Levin eds.): Mathematical Ecology. pp. 46-68. World Scientific, Singapore.

Szathmáry, E. & Demeter L. (1987) Group selection of early replicators and the origin of life. J. theor Biol. 128, 463-486.

Szathmáry, E. (1987) Early evolution of microtubules and undulipodia. BioSystems 20, 115-131.

Szathmáry, E. (1986) Some remarks on hypercycles and the stochastic corrector model. Endocytobiol. Cell Res. 3, 337-339.

Szathmáry, E. (1986) The eukaryotic cell as an information integrator. Endocytobiol. Cell Res. 3, 113-132.

Szathmáry, E. (1985) Origin of microtubules, undulipodia and centrioles: a compromise hypothesis. In: (J. Mlíkovsky & V.J.A Novák, eds.) Evolution and Morphogenesis. pp 373-379. Academia, Praha.